Swaziland, one of the last absolute monarchies (Umbuso weSwatini) in the world, is one of the smallest countries in Africa and has a well-earned reputation for friendliness in Southern Africa. It also contains several large game parks and reserves, which are sponsored by the government and are popular tourist destinations.

Artifacts indicating human activity been found in the Kingdom of Swaziland dating back to the early Stone Age, 200000 years ago. Prehistoric rock art paintings date from c. 25000 BCE. The earliest inhabitants of the area were Khoisan hunter-gatherers. They were largely replaced by the Bantu tribes during Bantu migrations who hailed from the Great Lakes regions of Eastern Africa.

The autonomy of the Swaziland Nation was dictated by British rule of Southern Africa in the 19th and 20th centuries. In 1881 the British government signed a convention recognising Swazi independence.

Swaziland is divided into four administrative districts: Hhohho (northwest), Lubombo (east), Manzini (central-west), and Shiselweni (south).